Native animals

Over a third of our native animal species have a conservation rating, which means that unless we change our management practices and address the threats that face these species, we will lose them (i.e. they will become extinct).

We have several animal species that are endemic to Eyre Peninsula (occurs nowhere else) and includes the Eyre Peninsula Southern Emu-wren; the Pearson Island Black-footed Rock-wallaby; the Sandhill Dunnart; and the Eyre Peninsula Dragon. Eyre Peninsula also has two species of animals without backbones that are found nowhere else in the world: one of the world’s tiniest sea stars Parvulastra parvivipara which occurs near Streaky Bay and the ‘dinosaur ant’ Nothomyrmecia macrops found near Penong and Poochera. Creeks and seasonal wetlands are also home to native freshwater fish.  

Some of Eyre Peninsula’s offshore islands are important for the survival of several threatened species such as the Southern Brown Bandicoot, the Greater Bilby, the Pearson Island Black-footed Rock-wallaby and the Greater Stick-nest Rat. Their survival is possible due to these islands being free of predators and competitors such as foxes, dogs, cats, goats and sheep.

Wildlife and roads

We receive many inquiries about wildlife on roads. One of the best things motorists can do to avoid collisions with native animals on local roads is learn more about the typical behaviour of different species and the likely environmental conditions, such as time of day, that trigger certain animal behaviours around roads. To learn more about avoiding owl roadkills click here (factsheet 723kb). To learn more about avoiding kangaroos on the road click here.

Native animals we are working to protect


Hooded plover
Malleefowl (Nganamara)
Southern emu-wren

Name: Southern emu-wren
Scientific name: Stipiturus malachurus intermedius
Regional status: Vulnerable
Related links:


Australian sea lion
Black-footed rock wallaby (Warru)

Name: Black-footed rock wallaby (Warru)
Scientific name: Petrogale lateralis
Regional status: Vulnerable
Related links:

Greater bilby
Greater stick nest rat

Name: Greater stick nest rat
Scientific name: Leporillus conditor
Regional status: Vulnerable
Related links:

Heath goanna

Name: Heath goanna
Scientific name: Varanus rosenbergi
Regional status: Vulnerable
Related links:

Sandhill dunnart

Name: Sandhill dunnart
Scientific name: Sminthopsis psammophila
Regional status: Vulnerable
Related links:

Southern brown bandicoot

Name: Southern brown bandicoot
Scientific name: Isoodon obesulus obesulus
Regional status: Endangered
Related links:

Southern right whale

Name: Southern right whale
Scientific name: Eubalaena australis
Regional status: Not listed
Related links:

Yellow footed rock wallaby

Name: Yellow footed rock wallaby
Scientific name: Petrogale xanthopus
Regional status: Vulnerable
Related links:

Field Guide to South Australian Fauna app

The South Australian Museum has today launched the free Field Guide to South Australian Fauna application for Apple and Android devices. Complete with more than 800 animals, including beautiful pictures, maps, sound effects and text, it will be updated over time to include more species.

This exciting project, led by Alexis Tindall, has drawn on the expertise of talented researchers and is a collaborative project with other museums around the nation, funded by the Federal Government’s Inspiring Australia Science Communication grants.

Related links